Dreams - images Symbolization: Non-literal expression of...

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Dreams Most people dream four or five times a night Not everyone remembers dreams Most dreams reflect everyday events Most people report more unpleasant dreams, but these may be easier to remember Dream Theories Psychodynamic (Freudian) Theory: Emphasizes internal conflicts, motives, and unconscious forces Wish Fulfillment: Freudian belief that many dreams are expressions of unconscious desires Much evidence to refute this Dream Symbols: Images that have a deeper symbolic meaning Activation-Synthesis Hypothesis Dream content may be affected by motor commands in the brain during sleep that are not carried out Freud: Four dream processes (mental filters) that hide true meanings of dreams Condensation: Combining several people, objects, or events into a single dream image Displacement: Directing emotions or actions toward safe or unimportant dream
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Unformatted text preview: images Symbolization: Non-literal expression of dream content Secondary Elaboration: Making a dream more logical and adding details while remembering it Perls Views on Dreams Most dreams are a special message about what is missing in our lives, what we avoid doing when awake, or feelings that we need to re-own Dreams fill in gaps in our personal experience Lucid Dreaming Person feels fully awake within the dream and feels capable of normal thought and action Can be used for creative problem-solving Hypnosis Altered state of consciousness characterized by intensely narrowed attention and increased openness to suggestion Mesmer: Believed he could cure diseases by passing magnets over body True animal magnetism (mesmerize means to hypnotize) Must cooperate to become hypnotized...
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Dreams - images Symbolization: Non-literal expression of...

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