Drugs and Altered States of Consciousness

Drugs and Altered States of Consciousness - Loss of contact...

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Drugs and Altered States of Consciousness Psychoactive Drug: Substance capable of altering attention, judgment, memory, time sense, self-control, emotion, or perception Stimulant: Substance that increases activity in body and nervous system Depressant: Substance that decreases activity in body and nervous system Dependence Physical Dependence: Addiction based on drug tolerance and withdrawal symptoms Drug Tolerance: Reduction in body’s response to a drug Withdrawal Symptoms: Physical illness following withdrawal of the drug Psychological Dependence: Drug dependence based on psychological or emotional needs Stimulants Amphetamine: Synthetic stimulants that excite nervous system Dexedrine and Methamphetamine are two types of stimulants Amphetamine Psychosis:
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Unformatted text preview: Loss of contact with reality because of amphetamine use User tends to have paranoid delusions Cocaine Central Nervous System stimulant derived from leaves of coca plant; also used as local anesthetic From 1886-1906, Coca-Cola did indeed have cocaine in it! Highly addictive drug Increases dopamine and noradrenaline Anhedonia (Inability to Feel Pleasure): Common after cocaine withdrawal MDMA (Ecstasy) Methylenedioxymethamphetamine Chemically similar to amphetamine Causes brain to release extra serotonin Created by small variations in a drugs structure May cause severe liver damage and fatal heat exhaustion Repeated use damages serotonergic brain cells, increases anxiety and depression, and leads to memory impairment...
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Drugs and Altered States of Consciousness - Loss of contact...

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