Four Basic Principles of Critical Thinking

Four Basic Principles of Critical Thinking - your behavior...

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Four Basic Principles of Critical Thinking Few truths transcend the need for empirical testing Judging the quality of evidence is crucial Authority or claimed expertise does not automatically make an idea true Critical thinking requires an open mind Pseudopsychologies Pseudo means “false”; any unfounded “system” that resembles psychology and is NOT based on scientific testing Phrenology: Personality traits revealed by shape of skull and bumps on your head Palmistry: Lines on your hands (palms) predict future and reveal personality Graphology : Personality revealed by your handwriting Astrology: The positions of the stars and planets at birth determine your personality and affect
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Unformatted text preview: your behavior Uncritical Acceptance: Tendency to believe positive or unflattering descriptions of yourself Fallacy of Positive Instances: When we remember or notice things that confirm our expectations and forget the rest The Barnum Effect Barnum Effect: Tendency to consider personal descriptions accurate if stated in general terms Always have a little something for everyone; make sure all palm readings, horoscopes, etc. are so general that something in them will always apply to any one person! E. g. , John Edwards, Sylvia Brown...
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY ps 101 taught by Professor - during the Spring '10 term at Montgomery.

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Four Basic Principles of Critical Thinking - your behavior...

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