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History of Psychology - behaviors Psychology Humanism •...

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History of Psychology: Cognitive Behaviorism View that combines cognition and conditioning to explain behavior Cognitive Behaviorists: Ellis and Bandura Our thoughts influence our behaviors Used often in treatment of depression Freud Psychoanalytic Perspective Our behavior is largely influenced by our unconscious wishes, thoughts, and desires, especially sex and aggression Freud among first to appreciate that childhood affects adult personality Freud created psychoanalysis Repression Repression: When memories, thoughts, or impulses are unconsciously held out of awareness Recent research has hypothesized that our unconscious mind is partially responsible for our
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Unformatted text preview: behaviors Psychology: Humanism • Key Names: Rogers and Maslow • Goal of psychology is to study unique aspects of the person • Focuses on human experience, problems, potentials, and ideals • Each person has innate goodness and is able to make free choices (contrast with Skinner and Freud) Terms • Self-Image: Perception of our own body, personality, and capabilities • Self-Evaluation: Positive or negative feelings held toward one’s self • Frame of Reference: Mental perspective used to interpret events • Self-Actualization: Ongoing process of fully developing one’s personal potential...
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