Key Features of Psychotherapy

Key Features of Psychotherapy - • Avoid giving advice •...

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Key Features of Psychotherapy Therapeutic Alliance: Caring relationship between the client and therapist Therapy offers a protected setting where emotional catharsis (release) can occur All the therapies offer some explanation or rationale for the client’s suffering Provides clients with a new perspective about themselves or their situations and a chance to practice new behaviors Future of Psychotherapy Increase in short-term therapy and solution-focused, problem-solving approaches More therapy will be provided by master’s-level practitioners Use of low-cost internet and telephone counseling and self-help groups will grow Use of psychiatrists and psychoanalysts will decrease Basic Counseling Skills Active listening Clarify the problem Focus on feelings
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Unformatted text preview: • Avoid giving advice • Accept the client’s frame of reference • Reflect thoughts and feelings • Silence: – Know when to use it • Questions – Open: open-ended reply – Closed: can be answered “Yes” or “No” • Maintain confidentiality • Culturally Skilled Therapists: – Professionals who are trained to work with clients from various cultural backgrounds Medical (Somatic) Therapies • Pharmacotherapy: – Use of drugs to alleviate emotional disturbance; three classes: • Anxiolytics (Antianxiety): – Like Valium; produce relaxation or reduce anxiety • Antidepressants: – Elevate mood and combat depression • Antipsychotics (Major Tranquilizers): – Tranquilize and also reduce hallucinations and delusions in larger dosages...
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY ps 101 taught by Professor - during the Spring '10 term at Montgomery.

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Key Features of Psychotherapy - • Avoid giving advice •...

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