Lawrence Kohlberg and Moral Development

Lawrence Kohlberg and Moral Development - Lawrence Kohlberg...

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Lawrence Kohlberg and Moral Development Moral development: When we acquire values, beliefs, and thinking abilities that guide responsible behavior Stage theorist, like Freud and Erikson Kohlberg’s Three Levels of Moral Development Preconventional moral reasoning: Moral thinking based on consequences of one’s actions (punishment, reward, exchange of favors) or choices Conventional moral reasoning: Reasoning based on a desire to please others or to follow accepted rules and values Postconventional moral reasoning: Follows self-chosen moral principles, not those supplied by outside authorities Erik Erikson’s Eight Stages of Psychosocial Dilemmas Stage One: Trust versus Mistrust (Birth–1) Children are completely dependent on others Trust: Established when babies given adequate warmth, touching, love, and physical care Mistrust: Caused by inadequate or unpredictable care and by cold, indifferent, and rejecting parents Stage Two: Autonomy versus Shame and Doubt (1–3) Autonomy: Doing things for themselves
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY ps 101 taught by Professor - during the Spring '10 term at Montgomery.

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Lawrence Kohlberg and Moral Development - Lawrence Kohlberg...

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