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Memory and Awareness - • Memory Decay – When memory...

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Memory and Awareness Explicit Memory: Past experiences that are consciously brought to mind Implicit Memory: A memory not known to exist Memory that is unconsciously retrieved Priming: When cues are used to activate hidden memories Forgetting Most forgetting occurs right after memorization Nonsense Syllables: Meaningless three-letter words (fej, quf) that test learning and forgetting Ebbinghaus’ Curve of Forgetting: Graph that shows amount of information remembered after varying lengths of time Encoding Failure: When a memory was never formed in the first place Memory Decay Memory Traces: Physical changes in nerve cells or brain activity that occur when memories are stored
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Unformatted text preview: • Memory Decay: – When memory traces become weaker – Fading or weakening of memories • Disuse: – Theory that memory traces weaken when memories are not used or retrieved Memory Cues • Any stimulus associated with a memory • Usually enhance retrieval of a memory – A person will forget if cues are missing at retrieval time State-Dependent Learning • When memory retrieval is influenced by body state • If your body state is the same at the time of learning AND the time of retrieval, retrievals will be improved – If Robert is drunk when he parks his car and forgets where his car is parked once he is sober, it will be easier to recall the location if he gets drunk again!...
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