Memory - Memory Memory Systems Memory: Active system that...

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Memory Memory Systems Memory: Active system that stores, organizes, alters, and recovers (retrieves) information Encoding: Converting information into a useable form Storage: Holding information in memory for later use Retrieval: Taking memories out of storage Sensory Memory Stores an exact copy of incoming information for a few seconds The first stage of memory Types of Sensory Memory: Iconic memory: A fleeting mental image or visual representation Echoic memory: After a sound is heard, a brief continuation of the sensory activity in the auditory system Short-Term Memory (STM) Holds small amounts of information briefly in consciousness Very sensitive to interruption or interference Working Memory: Part of STM; like a mental “scratchpad” Selective Attention: Focusing (voluntarily) on a selected portion of sensory input (e.g., selective hearing) Phonetically: Storing information by sound; how most things are stored
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Memory - Memory Memory Systems Memory: Active system that...

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