Operant Therapies - behaviors or emotions Cognitive Therapy...

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Operant Therapies Shaping: Rewarding actions that are closer and closer approximations to a desired response Stimulus Control: Controlling responses in the situation in which they occur Time Out: Removing individual from a situation in which reinforcement occurs Tokens Symbolic rewards like poker chips or gold stars that can be exchanged for real rewards Can be used to immediately reinforce positive responses Effective in psychiatric hospitals and sheltered care facilities Target Behaviors: Actions or other behaviors a therapist seeks to change Token Economy Patients get tokens for many socially desirable or productive behaviors; they can exchange tokens for tangible rewards and must pay tokens for undesirable behaviors Cognitive Therapy Therapy that helps clients change thinking patterns that lead to problematic
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Unformatted text preview: behaviors or emotions Cognitive Therapy for Depression (Beck) • Three Major Distortions in Thinking: – Selective Perception: • Perceiving only certain stimuli in a larger array of possibilities – Overgeneralization: • Blowing a single event out of proportion by extending it to a large number of unrelated situations – All-or-Nothing Thinking: • Seeing objects and events as absolutely right or wrong, good or bad, and so on Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) • Attempts to change irrational beliefs that cause emotional problems – Theory created by Albert Ellis – For example, Anya thinks, “I must be liked by everyone; if not, I’m a rotten person.”...
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Operant Therapies - behaviors or emotions Cognitive Therapy...

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