Origins of Therapy - 1793 Created the first mental hospital...

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Origins of Therapy Trepanning: For primitive “therapists,” refers to boring, chipping, or bashing holes into a patient’s head For modern usage, refers to any surgical procedure in which a hole is bored into the skull In primitive times it was unlikely the patient would survive This may have been a goal Presumably purpose was to relieve pressure or rid the person of evil spirits Origins of Therapy (Continued) Demonology: Study of demons and people beset by spirits People were possessed, and they needed an exorcism to be cured Exorcism: Practice of driving off an “evil spirit”; still practiced today! Ergotism: Psychotic-like condition that comes from ergot poisoning Ergot is a natural source of LSD that occurs with rye Origins of Therapy (Continued) Phillippe Pinel: French physician who initiated humane treatment of mental patients in
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Unformatted text preview: 1793 Created the first mental hospital Psychoanalysis: Freud Freud created psychoanalysis, which he used to treat hysteria Hysteria: Physical symptoms (like paralysis or numbness) occur without physiological causes Now known as somatoform disorders Freud became convinced that hysterias were caused by deeply hidden unconscious conflicts Main Goal of Psychoanalysis: To resolve internal conflicts that lead to emotional suffering Psychoanalysis Freud developed four techniques to uncover the unconscious roots of neurosis: Free association, dream analysis, analysis of resistance, and analysis of transference Free Association: Saying whatever comes to mind, regardless of how embarrassing it is By doing so without censorship and censure, unconscious material can emerge...
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY ps 101 taught by Professor - during the Spring '10 term at Montgomery.

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Origins of Therapy - 1793 Created the first mental hospital...

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