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Prosocial and Antisocial Behavior

Prosocial and Antisocial Behavior - school work and so on...

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Prosocial and Antisocial Behavior Affiliation Need to affiliate: Desire to associate with other people; appears to be a basic human trait Social comparison: Making judgments about ourselves by comparing ourselves to others. (i.e., comparing our feelings and abilities to those of other people) Downward comparison: Comparing yourself with someone who ranks lower than you on some area (e.g. money, attractiveness) Upward comparison: Comparing yourself to someone who ranks higher than you do on some area; may be used for self-improvement (something we strive for) Interpersonal Attraction Social attraction to another person Physical proximity: Physical nearness to another person in terms of housing,
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Unformatted text preview: school, work, and so on Physical attractiveness: Person’s degree of physical beauty as defined by his or her culture Halo effect: Tendency to generalize a favorable impression to unrelated personal characteristics Similarity: Extent to which two people are alike in terms of age, education, attitudes, and so on Similar people are attracted to each other Homogamy: Tendency to marry someone who is like us in almost every way Self-Disclosure Process of revealing private thoughts, attitudes, feelings and one’s history to others Should be used cautiously and sparingly when you are the therapist performing therapy May lead to countertransference in therapy...
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