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Social Learning Theory - – Related to number of people...

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Social Learning Theory (Bandura) and Television Social Learning Theory: Combines learning principles with cognitive processes, socialization, and modeling to explain behavior No instinctive (innate) desires for shooting guns, knife fights, and so on Aggression must be learned Weapons Effect: Observation that weapons serve as strong cue for agression Inhibition: Removal of inhibition Results in acting-out behavior that normally would be restrained Television seems to be able to cause desensitization to violence Desensitization: Reduced emotional sensitivity Prosocial Behavior and Bystander Apathy Prosocial Behavior: Behavior toward others that is helpful, constructive, or altruistic Bystander Apathy: Unwillingness of bystanders to offer help during emergencies
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Unformatted text preview: – Related to number of people present – More potential helpers present, lower the chances that help will be given Taking Responsibility: – Assume responsibility to help Diffusion of Responsibility: – Spreading responsibility to act among several people Empathy Concepts Empathic Arousal: – Emotional arousal that occurs when you feel some of the person ’ s pain, fear, or anguish Empathy-Helping Relationship: – We are most likely to help person in need when we feel emotions such as empathy and compassion To break stereotypes: – Seek individuating information Information that helps us see a person as an individual and not as a member of a group – Don ’ t believe just-world beliefs Belief that people generally get what they deserve...
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