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Unformatted text preview: • Anxiety symptoms and behaviors are learned, like everything else – Conditioned emotional responses that generalize to new situations • Avoidance Learning: – When making a particular response delays or prevents the onset of a painful or unpleasant stimulus Theoretical Causes of Anxiety Disorders: Behavioral (Continued) • Anxiety Reduction Hypothesis: – When reward of immediate relief from anxiety perpetuates self-defeating avoidance behaviors Theoretical Causes of Anxiety Disorders: Cognitive • When distorted thinking causes people to magnify ordinary threats and failures, leading to anxiety and distress Psychosis and Hallucinations • Psychosis: loss of contact with shared views of reality • Delusions and hallucinations are core features of psychosis – Delusions: • False beliefs that individuals insist are true, regardless of overwhelming evidence against them...
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- Spring '10
- Psychology, theoretical causes