Theoretical Causes of Anxiety Disorders

Theoretical Causes of Anxiety Disorders - Anxiety symptoms...

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Theoretical Causes of Anxiety Disorders Psychodynamic Approach Humanistic-Existential Approach Behavioral Approach Cognitive Approach Theoretical Causes of Anxiety Disorders: Psychodynamic Freud: anxiety caused by conflicts among id, ego, and superego Some of Freud’s Concepts Regarding Anxiety Forbidden id impulses for sex or aggression are trying to break into consciousness and thus influence behavior Person fears doing something crazy or forbidden Superego creates guilt in response to these impulses Ego gets overwhelmed and uses defense mechanisms to cope Theoretical Causes of Anxiety Disorders: Humanistic Unrealistic self-image conflicts with real self-image Emphasize subjective experience, human problems, and personal potentials Existentialism focuses on elemental problems of existence, such as death, meaning, choice, and responsibility Theoretical Causes of Anxiety Disorders: Behavioral
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Unformatted text preview: Anxiety symptoms and behaviors are learned, like everything else Conditioned emotional responses that generalize to new situations Avoidance Learning: When making a particular response delays or prevents the onset of a painful or unpleasant stimulus Theoretical Causes of Anxiety Disorders: Behavioral (Continued) Anxiety Reduction Hypothesis: When reward of immediate relief from anxiety perpetuates self-defeating avoidance behaviors Theoretical Causes of Anxiety Disorders: Cognitive When distorted thinking causes people to magnify ordinary threats and failures, leading to anxiety and distress Psychosis and Hallucinations Psychosis: loss of contact with shared views of reality Delusions and hallucinations are core features of psychosis Delusions: False beliefs that individuals insist are true, regardless of overwhelming evidence against them...
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Theoretical Causes of Anxiety Disorders - Anxiety symptoms...

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