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Traits and Situations - of the consequences Some Key...

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Traits and Situations Trait-Situation Interactions: When external circumstances influence the expression of personality traits Psychoanalytic Theory and Sigmund Freud, M.D. Freud was a Viennese physician who thought his patients’ problems were more emotional than physical Freud began his work by using hypnosis and eventually switched to psychoanalysis Freud had many followers, Jung and Adler, to name a couple More than 100 years later, his work is still influential and very controversial The Structure of Personality Freud’s model portrays personality as a dynamic system directed by three mental structures: Id Ego Superego Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory: The Id Innate biological instincts and urges Self-serving, irrational, and totally unconscious Works on Pleasure Principle: Wishes to have its desires (pleasurable) satisfied NOW, without waiting and regardless
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Unformatted text preview: of the consequences Some Key Freudian Terms • The id acts as a well of energy for the entire psyche – Psyche: • Freud’s term for the personality; – Libido: • Energy which flows from the life instincts – Eros: » Life instincts – Thanatos: » Death instinct Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory: The Ego • Executive, which directs id energies – Partially conscious and partially unconscious – Works on Reality Principle: • Delays action until it is practical and/or appropriate Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory: The Superego • Judge or censor for thoughts and actions of the ego – Superego comes from our parents or caregivers – Guilt comes from the superego • Ego Ideal: – Second part of the superego that is a source of goals and aspirations – Pride comes from ego ideal...
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