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Final Exam Paper - Art History 196 1141 L Robinson Art...

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Art History 196 – 1141 L. Robinson 05/20/10 Art History Final Exam 2. Dear contestants, The act of reformation has divided the continents of Europe into the Southern and Northern part. It all happened because Martin Luther passed the 95 Theses about the wrong-doings of a church, which resulted in the division. The Northern Europe primarily became Protestants, whereas the South remained Catholics. The style of art between the two was very different as well. The Council of Trent has proposes three qualities of art which should be present in every piece. First, art should have clarity, allowing people to understand the meaning behind the piece. Second, it should be realistic; a meaning to which people can relate to. And third, it should have emotion, which is the ability to inspire people to be more religious. Without these three conditions, the art will not be acceptable. I, as the pope of the Catholic belief, seek for an art, so magnificent, that it can glorify the name of the almighty God. The art should demonstrate our love towards the Virgin Mary and the Saints, which we consider intermediaries to God. The artist should depict an image that is far greater than common scenes from the Bible. It should be more grand and idealized since we are talking about the Holy people of God. What the Catholic congregation is looking for is an image that is very sacred which can bring us closer to God. If I was the pope, I would choose Bernini as the winner with his piece “The Ecstasy of St. Theresa.” This piece was more related to the Catholic religion and would have been declined if it was offered to the Protestants. The subject of the image itself is St. Theresa, which the
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Protestants do not care for since they only believe in the Trinity. Only the counter-reformation would accept the image of a Saint. I am truly astonished by the way Bernini has created this piece using his skills and techniques. He is able to make the story more dramatized which attracts people’s attention to it. The details are shown very well having accurate drapery linings, realistic facial expressions and well- polished skin. What I love is the way he makes it more theatrical by creating the illusion as if they are floating in the air on a cloud. The cloud itself is of course made of marble, which shows his great mastery over the art of sculpting. He adds more flair to it by installing a window above the piece which is covered by the pediments. However, he uses a yellow glass instead of a translucent one. This resulted in rays of golden light coming in whenever the sun was up, creating this beautiful light shining against the statues.
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