Midterm Study Guide

Midterm Study Guide - Emperor Justinian and Attendants Church of San Vitale(6th C How does early Christian art and architecture both borrow from

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Emperor Justinian and Attendants Church of San Vitale (6 th C.) How does early Christian art and architecture both borrow from and reject the Classical traditions of Greece and Rome? Some images of Christ is shown where he’s wearing a purple and yellow toga (clothes of Roman emperor) A Greek/Roman temple served as the house and treasure of the God. Unlike the Romans, the artist deliberately avoids making space-creating elements. Byzantine artist accepted the idea that objects exist in space, but they no longer consider pictorial space the way Roman artist had, in a view of the natural world seen through a “window.” What were some of the main themes/symbols of early Christian art? 4 evangelist: Matthew = angel Mark = lion Luke = Bull John = Eagle Lots of simplified catatomb painting How do they attempt to express intangible rather than representational physical forms and ideas? Elongated body, feet are floating in the air, gold background representing the other worldly How do we know that Justinian is both the Roman emperor (head of state) and the head of the Christian church (theocracy)? As the emperor, he’s wearing a huge jeweled crown As the head of church, he has a hallow and carries the golden paten to hold the host Soldiers are on his left and priests on his right while he’s in the middle Be able to describe the Early Christian-Byzantine style or religious “formula” for showing human figures (especially common in Ravenna and eastern part of Constantinople.) Became more symbolic and abstract rather than narrative Big dark staring eyes Absolutely static (facing forwards with no movement) No story going on Feet are slanted down as if he’s floating, denying gravity Dome of the Rock Jerusalem (7 th C.)
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Understand the term aniconic in relation to Islamic design. No symbolism, no icons What is the symbolism of their complex geometric patterns, arabesques and surface decoration? Infinity, it is continuous and forever Where is it mostly used? It is used both inside and outside, unlike Christian art that uses it inside What is the importance, purpose and meaning of the mosque? The mosque is the thing which unites them and their efforts. It refines their souls and awakens their minds and hearts. It solves their problems. The mosque shows their strength and cohesiveness. This indicates the importance of a mosque in Islam. All acts of worship (ibadah) in Islam are for the purification of the soul, refinement of morals, and strengthening the ties of mutual cooperation among the Muslims. Christians Islamic Has hierarchy Has surface Decoration inside the churches No surface Mosaic tiles Know the importance of the Koran and Five Pillars of Faith in relationship to their art and architecture.
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course AHS 196 taught by Professor L.robinson during the Spring '10 term at Diablo Valley College.

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Midterm Study Guide - Emperor Justinian and Attendants Church of San Vitale(6th C How does early Christian art and architecture both borrow from

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