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Unformatted text preview: In the American Bill of Rights, the First Amendment was passed out that addressed the issue of free speech. It said that the Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. There have been a lot of controversies with this clause which has lead to a lot of misunderstanding. First, the meaning of the word speech has expanded from its original concept to definitions far beyond the ordinary verbal communication or the usage of words. It includes verbal, non-verbal, visual and symbolic. Wearing symbols as an accessory or dance movements are all included. Second, the First Amendment only applies when the Congress (State government or Federal government) passes a law abridging speech. This does not include private citizens since a private action might be objectionable for ethical or social reasons, but does not present a constitutional issue. The court has categorized speech into three different categories: fully protected speech, limited protected speech and unprotected speech. The fully protected speech are political speeches whereby government intervention to prohibit or regulate the speech is not possible. The limited protected speech is speeches that cannot be forbidden by the government, but they are allowed...
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course BUS 294 taught by Professor No during the Spring '09 term at Diablo Valley College.
- Spring '09