History Flashcards #8

History Flashcards #8 - Hiram Johnson: A middle-class...

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Hiram Johnson: A middle-class republican, running for the CA governor in 1910. He pledged to purify CA politics and curb the Southern Pacific Railroad – the economic power in the state Triangle Fire: Fire broke out at the Triangle Shirtwaist Company trapping many workers, mostly women, who hugged each other and jumped out of the window to the ground Robert M. LaFollete: Started as a conventional politician, rising from the Republican ranks in Winconsin to serve in Congress for three terms. He launched his campaign against the state Republican Machine to restore democratic ideals. Direct Primary: The selection of party candidates by a popular vote rather than by the party convention, this progressive reform was especially pressed by LaFotte, who viewed it as an instrument for breaking the grip of machines on the political parties. Booker T. Washington: In an age of severe racial oppression, he emerged as the acknowledged leader of black people in the US. He’s remarkable for his ability as spokesman to white Americans and for his deep understanding of the aspiration of black Americans. Trust-Busting: a crusader against “predatory wealth”, the nations’ giant firms. New Nationalism: Human welfare versus property rights. Property had to be controlled “to whatever degree the public welfare may require it.” The government would become “the steward of the public welfare.” Roosevelt took up the cause of social justice, adding to his program a federal child labor law, regulation of labor relations and a minimum wage for women. Woodrow Wilson: A noted political scientist who had bought Princeton into the front rank of American Universities. He accepted the Democratic nomination for the governor of New Jersey and won. He compiled a reform record, including the direct primary, worker’s compensation and utility regulation. New Freedom: A coherent reform program to New Nationalism. It preserves political and economic liberty. Underwood Tariff Act: In 1913, it pared rates down to 25%, targeting especially the trust-dominated industries. Democrats confidently expected the act to spur competition and reduce prices for consumers. Federal Reserve Act: Gave the nation a banking system that was resistant to financial panic. The act delegated operational functions to twelve district reserve banks funded and controlled by their member banks. Clayton Antitrust Act:
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course HIST 121 taught by Professor - during the Spring '10 term at Diablo Valley College.

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History Flashcards #8 - Hiram Johnson: A middle-class...

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