History Flashcards #9

History Flashcards #9 - Preservationist: Early 20th C...

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Preservationist: Early 20 th C activists who fought to protect the natural environment from commercial exploitation, particularly in American West. Conservationist: Advocacy for the protection of the natural environment for sustained use. It accepted the development of public lands, provided this was in the public interest and not wastefully destructive The Jungle: Sinclair’s novel in the 1906. He thought the was writing about the exploitation of workers in Chicago meatpacking plants, but what caught the nation’s attention were his description of rotten meat and filthy conditions, leading to Meat Inspection Acts as Food and Drug Admin joined the federal bureaucracy. Square Deal: Emblematic of a political style that dramatized issues, mobilized public opinion, and asserted presidential leadership. When companies abused their powers, the gov would intercede to assure ordinary Americans a “square deal.” William Howard Taft: Roosevelt’s chosen successor. He disliked the give-and-take of politics & distrusted power. His mind rebelled at Roosevelt’s practice of choosing among trusts when it came to antitrust prosecution. Ludlow Massacre: The asphyxiation of many women and children when the state militia torched the tent city of evicted miners, resulting in an armed revolt by enraged miners. Labor Question: Why America, supposed to become land of promise, has become the land of disappointment and deep-seated discontent. The commission took notes that workers earning $10 or less a week lived at poverty levels, that that they were ground down by repeated spells of unemployment, and that “an almost universal convictions (prevail) that they, both as individuals and as a class, are denied justice.” Christian missionaries = In Asia, Africa and the Pacific Islands the American presence was likely to be Christian missionaries, many of them women, and as women’s social activism intensified at home, that too made itself felt in distant lands. James G. Blaine = He became the secretary of state in 1881. He got involved in a border dispute between Mexico and Guatemala, tried to settle a war Chile was waging against Peru and Bolivia, and called the first Pan-American Conference. Pan-Americanism = It was the notion of a community of states of the Western Hemisphere. It took root and Blaine, returning in 1889 for a second stint at the State Department, approved the plans of the outgoing Cleveland administration for a new Pan-American conference. Venezuela crisis
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History Flashcards #9 - Preservationist: Early 20th C...

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