PW6Synthesis - escape This inevitably affects their work...

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Flawed Character and Restricted Opportunity are theories of why people are poor, however both offer opposing explanations to the causes of poverty. Flawed Character Theory regards the individual in their shortcomings in motivation and work ethic. The main foundation to this premise is the human capital concept—people acquire abilities that expand over time and produce payoffs through rewards in the marketplace, rational choice and pervasive opportunity. The Restricted Opportunity Theory, on the other hand, claims “that impoverishment may result from circumstances beyond the control of the individual” (Schiller P4). Unlike the Flawed Character Theory, this argument expresses there are poor people because they are discriminated against, and therefore do not have sufficient access to work and schools of adequate quality. Restricted Opportunity also conveys that since the impoverished are heavily discriminated against there is no sense of
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Unformatted text preview: escape. This inevitably affects their work ethic and motivation—the two important terms that make up Flawed Character. In addition, “the Restricted Opportunity argument denies [the] critical premise of the Flawed Character argument” (Schiller P4): human capital. For instance, if a minority worker is discriminated against on the basis of color, race, sex, etc., and is therefore compensated less or not at all in the workplace, their human capital assumption to be rewarded declines. If those suffering from poverty do not have the means and opportunity to a rightful education they then clearly lack the rational choices necessary for human capital. Overall, Flawed Character suggests the impoverished individual is to blame, while Restricted Opportunity views them as helpless....
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course ECON 01 taught by Professor Clairebattista during the Fall '10 term at Cal Poly.

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