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Bradshaw - generations that are socially generated but...

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In Ted K. Bradshaws article, “Theories of Poverty and Anti-Poverty Programs in Community Development” explains how poverty theories—individual deficiencies, cultural belief systems, and structure of poverty—mold the community’s anti-poverty plans. The first theory, Individual Deficiencies is a complex and multi meaning premise “that focuses on the individual as responsible for their poverty situation” (Bradshaw P.18). These premises and explanations all stem from politicians, economists, religious doctrines, and authors. For instance, political conservatives hold individuals who face poverty responsible for formulating their own issues and believe “that hard work and better choices [they] could have avoided their problems” (Bradshaw P.18). Culture of Poverty, the second theory, which is at times correlated with the individual theory of poverty, “suggests that poverty is created by the transmission over
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Unformatted text preview: generations that are socially generated, but individually held” (Bradshaw P. 20). Since culture is created and enabled by society makes it different than the individual theory. This second theory, furthermore, includes “poor people in ghettos, regions, or social contexts where they develop a shared set of beliefs, values and norms for behavior that are separate from but embedded in the culture of main society” (Bradshaw P. 20). The third theory, Structural Poverty, is based on “ the economical, political, and social systems, which cause people to have limited opportunities and resources with which to achieve income and well being” (Bradshaw P.22). In an economic sense, Marx believed capitalism was created to “reserve [the] army of the unemployed” (P.22). Research also proves that wealthier people are more politically inclined compared to their opposites, the poor....
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