Bacterial Diseases of the Nervous System

Bacterial Diseases of the Nervous System - Bacterial...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Bacterial Diseases of the Nervous System Microbial diseases affecting the nervous system tend to be serious because of the critical functions performed by the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral and cranial nerves. Infections can occur in the nervous tissue or in the covering membranes called meninges. Diagnostic tests for diseases of the nervous system often involve examination of the cerebrospinal fluid, and antibiotic therapy must use drugs that pass the blood-brain barrier. Meningococcal meningitis. Meningococcal meningitis is caused by the Gram-negative diplococcus Neisseria meningitidis. This organism is called the meningococcus. It is transmitted by respiratory droplets and often inhabits the nasopharynx without evidence of disease. The organism is believed to possess endotoxins that account for the symptoms associated with meningitis. Patients suffer severe and debilitating headache, as well as fever, chills, and blue-black meningitis....
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online