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Bacterial Diseases of the Nervous System

Bacterial Diseases of the Nervous System - Bacterial...

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Bacterial Diseases of the Nervous System Microbial diseases affecting the nervous system tend to be serious because of the critical functions  performed by the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral and cranial nerves. Infections can occur in the  nervous tissue or in the covering membranes called meninges. Diagnostic tests for diseases of the  nervous system often involve examination of the cerebrospinal fluid, and antibiotic therapy must use  drugs that pass the blood-brain barrier. Meningococcal meningitis. Meningococcal meningitis  is caused by the Gram-negative  diplococcus  Neisseria meningitidis.   This organism is called the  meningococcus.  It is transmitted  by respiratory droplets and often inhabits the nasopharynx without evidence of disease. The  organism is believed to possess endotoxins that account for the symptoms associated with  meningitis. Patients suffer severe and debilitating headache, as well as fever, chills, and blue-black 
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