Bacterial Diseases of the Reproductive System The reproductive systems of males and females open to the external environment, and therefore, the organs can be easily reached by infectious organisms. The diseases may then spread to deeper organs of the human body. Gonorrhea. At this writing, gonorrhea is the most-reported infectious disease in the United States. The etiologic agent is the Gram-negative diplococcus Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The organism attaches to the epithelial cells of the male and female urethra causing urethritis. Transmission occurs during sexual contact, and males exhibit more extensive symptoms than do females, with pain on urination and a whitish discharge from the urethra. Treatment with tetracycline, penicillin, and other antibiotics is usually successful. Complications of gonorrhea may involve many organs. For example, in females, the Fallopian tubes
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course BIO 1421 taught by Professor Farr during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.