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Fungal and Protozoal Diseases of the Respiratory System

Fungal and Protozoal Diseases of the Respiratory System -...

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Fungal and Protozoal Diseases of the Respiratory System Histoplasmosis. Histoplasmosis  is a fungal disease caused by the yeast  Histoplasma  capsulatum.   In the body, the infection is similar to tuberculosis, especially in immunocompromised  individuals. In severe cases, it may be a progressive disease that spreads to the other organs. Most  cases are associated with bird and bat droppings. Amphotericin B is useful for therapy.  Blastomycosis. Blastomycosis  is due to  Blastomyces dermatitidis   , a yeastlike fungus. The  disease is found in regions of the Mississippi Valley and is spread in dust. Tuberculosislike lesions of  the lung occur, and spread to other organs is possible. Amphotericin B is used for therapy.  Coccidioidomycosis. Coccidioidomycosis  is due to  Coccidioides immitis   , a fungus found in the  soil of the southwest United States. The disease is particularly prevalent in the San Joaquin Valley of 
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