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Unformatted text preview: Leprosy. Leprosy is considered a disease of the nervous system because the bacilli destroy the peripheral nerves in the skin. Thus affected, the patient cannot sense environmental changes, and injury to the skin tissues results. Deformed hands and feet and eroded bones, fingers, and toes are seen in the disease. In tuberculoid leprosy , skin pigments are lost. In lepromatous leprosy , skin nodules called lepromas disfigure the skin. The incubation time is roughly three to six years. Leprosy is caused by an acid-fast bacillus called Mycobacterium leprae. The organism is cultivated with great difficulty in the laboratory. The disease is known by its preferred name Hansen's disease. Dapsone is used for therapy. Tetanus. Tetanus is caused by the soilborne, anaerobic, Gram-positive rod Clostridium tetani. Spores of this organism enter a wound, where they germinate to vegetative cells. The organisms Spores of this organism enter a wound, where they germinate to vegetative cells....
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course BIO 1421 taught by Professor Farr during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.
- Fall '08