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Unformatted text preview: Pneumococcal pneumonia. Pneumococcal pneumonia is caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae , the pneumococcus. This organism is a Gram-positive pair of cocci occurring in chains. There are almost 100 serological types of the organism, and the vaccine currently available provides protection against approximately 25 of them. The disease involves the lung tissues and is accompanied by fever, consolidation of the lung (filling of the air spaces with bacteria, fluid, and debris), and severe chest pains, with blood in the sputum. Aggressive penicillin therapy is used in treatment. Many individuals are healthy carriers of the bacterium. Mycoplasmal pneumonia. Mycoplasmal pneumonia is caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae , a species of mycoplasma. Mycoplasmas are exceptionally small, submicroscopic bacteria (about 0.15 m) that have no cell walls. Penicillin is therefore useless as a therapeutic agent. Most cases are m) that have no cell walls....
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course BIO 1421 taught by Professor Farr during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.
- Fall '08