Distribution of Vegetation Even the most cursory examination reveals that different kinds of plants grow in different kinds of places. The vegetation of the world is aligned latitudinally in broad bands circling the globe. As the climate changes from the equator northward and southward, so too, does the vegetation. The lush tropical rainforests of the equatorial band in the Northern Hemisphere give way to temperate deciduous forests, which in turn are replaced by coniferous forests that, at their northern limit, are replaced by treeless arctic tundra. More land is present north than south of the equator so the banding pattern is less pronounced in the Southern Hemisphere. High mountains on all continents also break the pattern. The latitudinal bands of vegetation on the continents are replicated on a smaller scale by the altitudinal bands of vegetation on mountains. Much more than temperature and precipitation changes environmentally with altitude, but the
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