Fungi: Reproduction Nonmotile sexual and asexual spores —microscopic in size—are the common means of reproduction and the primary agents of fungal dispersal. They are readily carried in air or attached to the bodies of insects and other animals and are not resistant structures like bacterial endospores. Although they can withstand desiccation, they are killed by heat. Sexual spores often require a period of dormancy after they are formed, but asexual spores usually germinate and produce new hyphae whenever and wherever moisture is available. Asexual spores are produced in special hyphae called sporangia in the zygomycetes and conidia in the ascomycetes and basidiomycetes. Unlike many organisms that produce embryos, the fungal spores form hyphae directly with no immature or embryonic stage between spore and adult. Sexual reproduction Among fungi, there are no female and male individuals, and no eggs and sperm. Physiological
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course BIO 1421 taught by Professor Farr during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.