Phylum Anthophyta

Phylum Anthophyta - Phylum Anthophyta—The Flowering...

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Unformatted text preview: Phylum Anthophyta—The Flowering Plants The Anthophyta, the angiosperms or flowering plants, is the largest and youngest phylum of plants and the one whose members dominate the vegetation of the modern world. The origin of the angiosperms is an enigma, but from all evidence they probably arose sometime during the Late Jurassic or Early Cretaceous, but were first fossilized in the Cretaceous. As they evolved over the ensuing millenia, they developed adaptations that made them ever more successful in the competition for a place in the sun. At the same time the angiosperms were diversifying, the terrestrial animals, too, were diversifying and taking advantage of the new food source. The extraordinary success of the angiosperms is not just that they have flowers—which certainly helps—but because they have, as well, a combination of other structural, developmental, and ecological features not...
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