Chapter 4: Gender and Sexuality
GENDER, SEX, AND THE CASE OF DAVID/BRENDA
David/Brenda Reimer (burnt penis ex.)… even though they tried to raise David as a girl, he still had
male tendencies and wanted to be a boy, without knowing he was one before. (he did live as a boy for
two years though)…before 18 months gender reassignment tends to be “successful”.
Defining Male and Female: Sex and Gender
Difference between males and females conventionally based on genitalia, and what genetic program that
released hormones to stimulate development of certain reproductive system.
being male or female involves not just biology, but certain masculine and feminine feelings, attitudes,
Biological sex must be distinguished from sociological gender.
identification with, or sense of belonging to, a particular sex; biologically,
psychologically, and socially.
when people behave according to widely shared expectations about how males or females
are supposed to act.
are individuals who want to alter their gender by changing their appearance or
resorting to medical intervention.
People who believe they were born with the “wrong” body; that is, they identify with, and
want to live fully as, a member of the “opposite” sex.
WHO classifies transgendered individuals as suffering from a psychiatric disorder.
refers to activities that are intended to lead to erotic arousal and produce genital response.
tell us whom we should find attractive, when and where it is appropriate to be aroused,
what is permissible, and how to behave sexually.
the assumption that individuals should desire only members of the
Men report more frequent intercourse than women, while women more often report abstention than
In Canada, men and francophones are more likely than women and anglophones to endorse the fun
standard (having sex for fun).
refers to the way a person derives sexual pleasure, including whether desirable
partners are of the same or a different sex.
1970s “free love” lots of sexual partners and unprotected sex, because abortion and contraceptives were
1980s STDs became known, so people became more careful.
Does Sex Determine Destiny?