NEW Society_Notes_Chapter 13_Religion

NEW Society_Notes_Chapter 13_Religion - 11/10/11 Chapter...

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11/10/11 Chapter 13: RELIGION SOCIOLOGY AND RELIGION Empirical knowledge “what counts” - what we can detect through our senses Durkheim religion can confirm nothing that [SCIENCE] denies, deny nothing that it affirms. Religion cannot overrule science in terms of basic evolutionary claims Sociologists cannot investigate the supernatural claims of religion and therefore cannot address everything in terms of it W.I Thomas and Dorothy Swaine Thomas – if we define things real then they are real in their consequences religious ideas are an important impact of individuals and their social life THEORETICAL TRADITIONS MARX AND CONFLICT Man makes religion, religion doesn’t make man Religion results in people who are economically and politically deprived redefining reality, rather than changing their own oppressive conditions. “religion soothes the disadvantaged like a narcotic, in the process blinding them to the inequalities at hand and bottling up creativity” Those who hold power encourage religious belief Basically Marx stated that people who practiced religion were disadvantaged in some way and did it with hope that their lives would get better. DURKHEIM AND COLLECTIVITY Raised as atheist Believed that scientific understanding of society has the potential to raise the quality of social life. His classic work was the elementary forms of the religious life Argued that religions origin is social Collective conscience awareness of the group being more than the sum of its individual members and the belief that what is being experienced is the supernatural Once people have experienced such a supernatural reality, they designate some objects as sacred and others as profane (i.e. holy water) Religious beliefs make the nature of the sacred symbols, and religious rites provide guidelines as to how people should act in the presence of the sacred The idea of religion is inseparable from that of a church Religion creates and reinforces social solidarity Didn’t believe that religion would disappear Gods are socially created to realize that God and ethical conceptions, for example, frequently reflect social and individual characteristics. WEBER AND IDEAS
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 101 taught by Professor Brimm during the Fall '08 term at University of Toronto.

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NEW Society_Notes_Chapter 13_Religion - 11/10/11 Chapter...

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