Notes_Lecture 2 - Lecture 2 Topic culture the sum of socially transmitted ideas practices and material objects that people create to overcome

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Lecture 2: Topic: culture - the sum of socially transmitted ideas, practices, and material objects that people create to overcome real-life problems. Culture gives us guidelines for how to act. -hero’s aeolopile, 1 st century c.e. – became a widespread cultural device to harness energy -atanasoff berry digital computer circa 1939- (developed in Uof Iowa Then, useful applications. For ballistics determining trajectory, breaking codes in germany) CULTURE fulfills a widespread social need. Understanding cultures of others is often difficult. Seen irrational or even inferior -ethnocentrism-judging another culture based on one’s own, impairs our ability to undertand cultures -cultural relativism – belief that all elements of all cultures should be respected as equally valid. -example in class: we believe people should be free to practice their own cultures but we disagree with cliterectomy practice (Africa) -illegal in Canada, punishable offense -in general, it is impt to act as responsible citizens, reject cultural practice w/c deny
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 101 taught by Professor Brimm during the Fall '08 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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Notes_Lecture 2 - Lecture 2 Topic culture the sum of socially transmitted ideas practices and material objects that people create to overcome

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