Chapter 16 - Specific Disorders and Treatments

Chapter 16 - Specific Disorders and Treatments - Chapter...

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Chapter 16.1 Anxiety Disorder Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) – people are almost constantly plagued by exaggerated worries. They experience excessive anxiety much in a day even when actual dangers are low. (E.g. I might get sick; I might lose my job etc) Treatment : Antidepressant drugs and cognitive behaviour therapy. Panic Disorder – frequent periods of anxiety and occasional attacks of panic. Usually last for a few minutes, but can be longer. Panic attacks increase the risk of another panic attack. (E.g. Rapid breathing, increased heart rate, chest pains, sweating, faintness and trembling) People with panic disorder tend to interpret these episodes as uncontrollable and life threatening. Panic disorder is more common in women than men, whites than blacks, younger people than older people. Treatment : Psychotherapy, cognitive behaviour therapy, anti depressant drugs and advices. Hyperventilation – panic attack begins with this; rapid deep breathing. Hyperventilation makes the body react as if it were suffocating, thereby triggering other sympathetic nervous system responses such as sweating and increased heart rate. Agoraphobia an excessive fear of open or public places. Social Phobia – a severe avoidance of other people and a fear of doing anything in public. People with panic disorder develop agoraphobia and social phobia because they are afraid of being embarrassed by a panic attack in public. They are afraid of their own anxiety; they stay home as much as possible. Persistence of Avoidance behaviour – A learned shocked avoidance response can persist long after the possibility of shock has been removed. To facilitate extinction, temporarily prevent the person from pressing the lever. Only by ceasing to press it does the person discover that pressing is not necessary. As with shocked avoidance responses, phobias and obsessive compulsive disorder persist because people do not discover that their avoidance behaviours are unnecessary. Phobias – strong and persistent fear of a specific object or situation – so strong it interferes with daily lives. They are learned though observation and through experience. (E.g. the lab and wild monkey experiment, the lab monkey develop phobia by observing the wild monkey when it shows fear of snake) Common phobias – People are more likely to develop phobias for certain objects (e.g. snakes) than others (e.g. cars). This is because people may be born with predisposition to learn fears of objects that have been dangerous throughout our evolutionary history. (e.g. We more readily fear objects which we have few safe experiences and objects that we cannot predict. Two behaviour therapy for Phobias
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2011 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Gina during the Fall '10 term at Southern University at New Orleans .

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Chapter 16 - Specific Disorders and Treatments - Chapter...

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