The stability and predictability created by the law is essential to business
Law is a body of enforceable rules governing relationships among individuals and
between individuals and their society.
The natural law philosopher believes that formal law is inferior to universal moral
and ethical principles that are part of human nature.
Constitutional law includes only the U.S. Constitution.
A state law that conflicts with the U.S. Constitution will be deemed
Alan is a judge. The function of Alan and other judges is to
interpret and apply the laws.
Voters in North Carolina approve a new state constitution, after which the Ocean City
Council passes new ordinances, the North Carolina Department of Parks and Recreation
issues new rules, and the Ocean City Chamber of Commerce sends out new instructions.
Sources of law do
The federal government and the state governments constitute the U.S. legal system. This
system is based on the legal system of
Pangborn is a judge hearing the case of
Local Co. v. Macro Corp.
Applying the relevant
rule of law to the facts of the case requires Pangborn to find previously decided cases
that, in relation to the case under consideration, are
as similar as possible.
Federal courts are superior to state courts.
The courts act as a check on the other branches of government.
Generally, a state court can exercise jurisdiction over anyone within the
boundaries of the state.
Generally, a state court can exercise jurisdiction over a nonresident by showing
that he or she had minimum contacts with the state.
Any lawsuit involving a federal question can originate in a federal court.
Cyberspace is its own jurisdiction.
Ann files a suit against Bob in a California state court, noting that Bob operates a
Web site through which California residents have done substantial business with
him. If the court applies the principles expressed in Case 2.2,
Bird v. Parsons,
will likely exercise jurisdiction over Bob.
if Ann if Ann’s claim arises from
Bob’s Web site activities.
Don files a suit against Eagle Sales, Inc., in a Florida state court based on a Web
site through which Florida residents can do business with Eagle. If the court
applies the principles expressed in Case 2.2,
Bird v. Parsons,
it will likely
exercise jurisdiction over Eagle if the interactivity of the site is seen as.
“substantial enough” connection with the state.
Ho, a programmer for inventory Corporation, is arrested in his employer’s parking
lot on suspicion of larceny. According to the decision in Case 7.4
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