logical fallicies

logical fallicies - Inductive Deductive Logical Fallacies...

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Inductive - Deductive - Logical Fallacies Induction Deduction Consists of: • Making generalizations • Coming to conclusions on the basis of specific observations • Apply a general principle to a specific case Weakened by: • Insufficient sample • Come to a conclusion based on not enough information • Only as strong as its premises INDUCTION: Starting with specifics and making a broad conclusion based on those specifics DEDUCTION: You apply the generalizations Most people at HHES drive SUVS. Justin goes to HHES. Justin drives a SUV. SYLLOGISM: Three parts: major, minor, conclusion Major: “cats have 4 legs” Minor: “My cat Millie was attacked by a fox, and now she only has three legs.” Conclusion: “Millie is no longer a cat” Syllogistic reasoning - using deductive FALLACY: Any error in reasoning or in use of evidence Example: “I’m not a doctor, but I play one on T.V. Here use this aspirin.”
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Inductive - Deductive - Logical Fallacies HASTY GENERALIZATION: Come to a conclusion too quickly with insufficient evidence Assuming before you know Superstitions
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