logical fallicies

logical fallicies - Inductive - Deductive - Logical...

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Inductive - Deductive - Logical Fallacies Induction Deduction Consists of: • Making generalizations • Coming to conclusions on the basis of specific observations • Apply a general principle to a specific case Weakened by: • Insufficient sample • Come to a conclusion based on not enough information • Only as strong as its premises INDUCTION: Starting with specifics and making a broad conclusion based on those specifics DEDUCTION: You apply the generalizations Most people at HHES drive SUVS. Justin goes to HHES. Justin drives a SUV. SYLLOGISM: • Three parts: major, minor, conclusion • Major: “cats have 4 legs” • Minor: “My cat Millie was attacked by a fox, and now she only has three legs.” • Conclusion: “Millie is no longer a cat” • Syllogistic reasoning - using deductive FALLACY: • Any error in reasoning or in use of evidence • Example: “I’m not a doctor, but I play one on T.V. Here use this aspirin.”
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Inductive - Deductive - Logical Fallacies HASTY GENERALIZATION: • Come to a conclusion too quickly with insufficient evidence • Assuming before you know • Superstitions • “Black cats bring horrible luck”
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course PHIL 120 taught by Professor Michelman during the Fall '09 term at Wofford.

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logical fallicies - Inductive - Deductive - Logical...

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