PSY 104 Lecture 14 - Handout

PSY 104 Lecture 14 - Handout - Objectives Eating and Weight...

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Eating and Weight Contro Q UIN 1 Eating and Weight Control Objectives • Evaluate the origins of obesity and eating disorders from a biological, psychological, and social perspective Create interventions based on each 2 • Create interventions based on each perspective for each disorder 1990 1998 Obesity Trends (*BMI 30, or about 30 lbs. overweight for 5’4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% 25%–29% 30% 2008 Introduction • Healthy living recommendations • Diet and disease • Not always clear how diet and health 4 are related – No causal link – Environment • Commercials and the food industry History • Ancient cultures • Greek and Roman cultures Vomitorium 5 – Vomitorium • Religion – 7 deadly sins • Non-western cultures – Polynesia History • Victorian Era – Obesity was seen as part of the lower classes – Dress emphasized small waist 6 • Recent immigrants at turn of the century • The birth of the super model
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Importance of Diet to Health • Poor diet contributes to top 10 causes of death • Americans consume too much fat • Recent estimates place 34 million 7 Recent estimates place 34 million Americans (roughly ¼ of population) as overweight • Many due to poor diet and little physical activity Obesity • Condition characterized by excessive accumulation of fat • Objectively defined 8 – 20% over standard weight on Met-Life – 25 or greater on BMI • Culturally defined • Eating disorder? Obesity and Disease • Medically significant obesity can be defined as a deposition of fat tissue that is significantly large and impairs health 9 • Apple vs. Pear shape (waist circ.) – Male pattern, apple – Female pattern, pear • > 40 inches for men and 35 for women Assessment of Obesity • Direct methods – Assessment of adipose tissue at autopsy • Indirect methods 10 – Most common – Extrapolate fat from fat-free mass using equations – Rough approximation at best – Hydrostatic weighing Met-Life Insurance Tables • Standard for many years • Relates height to weight for men and women • Based on the simple notion that up to 11 Based on the simple notion that up to 20% over upper limit is overweight • More recent charts submitted by
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course PSY 104 taught by Professor Lefbvre during the Fall '09 term at Wofford.

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PSY 104 Lecture 14 - Handout - Objectives Eating and Weight...

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