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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 1 Class Notes Page 1 Criteria Defining a Psychological Disorder : • Psychological Dysfunction (a breakdown in cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning) • Distress or Impairment • Atypical Response or Not Culturally expected Psychopathology = the scientific study of psychological disorders Elements of Abnormality : Necessary and sufficient conditions- Suffering (necessary)- Maladaptiveness (necessary)- Irrationality (sufficient)- Unpredictability and loss of control (sufficient)- Rareness and unconventionality (necessary)- Observer discomfort (sufficient)- Violation of standards (sufficient) ← • Family Resemblance Approach:- Recognize compared to a prototype (typical patient characteristics) Chapter 1 Class Notes Page 2 Science of Psychopathology • Scientist-Practitioner Model: • Scientist-Practitioners Are: • Consumers of Science- enhancing the practice • Evaluators of Science- determining the effectiveness of the practice • Creators of Science- conducting research that leads to new procedures • Presenting problem Scientific method is used to prove or disprove findings in psychopathology. And it is used today to find out about the causes and treatments....
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course PSY 220 taught by Professor Lefbvre during the Spring '10 term at Wofford.
- Spring '10