psy 220 - Ch2

psy 220 - Ch2 - Chapter 2 Class Notes Page 1...

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Chapter 2 Class Notes Page 1 Multidimensional Integrative Approach: To identify the causes of various disorders, the interaction of all relevant dimensions must be considered. Must examine: Behavioral and cognitive processes Developmental factors Emotional influences Genetic contributions Role of nervous system Social and interpersonal influences Models: One Dimensional Models Explaining behavior in terms of a single cause Problem - other information is often ignored Multidimensional Models “System” of influences that cause and maintain suffering Abnormal behavior as multiply determined
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Chapter 2 Class Notes Page 2 Diathesis Stress Model pre-disposition towards the pathology Individuals inherit tendencies to express certain traits or behaviors, which may then be activ- ated under conditions of stress In the model: the greater the underlying vulnerability, the less stress is needed to trigger a disorder
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Chapter 2 Class Notes Page 3 Reciprocal Gene-Environmental Model The individual’s genetic vulnerability toward a certain disorder may make it more likely that the person will experience the stressor that, in turn, triggers the genetic vulnerability and thus the disorder Examples include: depression, divorce, and impulsivity
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Chapter 2 Class Notes Page 4 Neuroscience: The Field of Neuroscience The role of the nervous system in disease and behavior
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course PSY 220 taught by Professor Lefbvre during the Spring '10 term at Wofford.

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psy 220 - Ch2 - Chapter 2 Class Notes Page 1...

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