psy 220 - Ch5

psy 220 - Ch5 - Ch. 5 Class Notes (Page 1) Fear and...

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Ch. 5 Class Notes (Page 1) Fear and Anxiety: Fear - immediate alarm reaction (a normal adaptive response when you are ex- periencing real danger or threat) Cognitive elements - appraisal of the situation Somatic - sympathetic arousal, palms sweaty, mouth goes dry, pale Emotional elements - dread, panic, feeling in pit of stomach Behavioral elements - freeze Anxiety - anticipates future danger (anticipation of fear/future danger) Cognitive elements - ____________ Somatic elements - same as fear Emotional elements - same as fear Behavioral elements - same as fear Anxiety becomes problematic when it is in excessive amounts and starts interfer- ing with daily life. Anxiety : Negative affect Somatic symptom of tension Future-oriented Feelings that one cannot predict/control upcoming events Fear : Negative affect Strong sympathetic nervous system arousal Immediate alarm reaction characterized by strong escapist tendencies in re- sponse to present danger or life-threatening emergencies
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Ch. 5 Class Notes (Page 2) Panic Attack : Fear occurring at an inappropriate time Causes of Anxiety Disorders Biological contributions Low levels of GABA = increased anxiety Overactive Behavioral inhibition system Lymbic system = part of brain most often associated w/ anxiety Psychological contributions
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psy 220 - Ch5 - Ch. 5 Class Notes (Page 1) Fear and...

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