psy 220 - Ch7

psy 220 - Ch7 - Ch. 7 Notes Page 1 Defining Mood Disorders:...

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Ch. 7 Notes Page 1 Defining Mood Disorders: Gross deviations in mood Mania: Exaggerated elation, joy, or euphoria duration longer than 1 week Irritability Extraordinary activity level Grandiose thinking and plans Speech is rapid; flight of ideas Depression and anxiety are common Major Depressive Disorder: Most commonly diagnosed and most severe depression Extremely depressed mood Lasts at least 2 weeks and includes: Cognitive symptoms (such as feelings of worthlessness and indecisiveness) Disturbed physical functions (such as altered sleep patterns, significant changes in appetite and weight, or a notable loss of energy) to the point where the slightest activity or movement requires an overwhelming effort Most central indicators of a full major depressive episode: Physical changes ( somatic or vegetative symptoms) Behavioral and emotional “shut down” Anhedonia - loss of energy and inability to engage in pleasurable activities or have any “fun” The duration of a major depressive episode, if untreated, is approximately 4 to 9 months. Almost all major depressive episodes go away on their own without treatment, although ap- proximately 10% last 2 years or longer.
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Ch. 7 Notes Page 2 Dysthymic Disorder: Milder symptoms of depression than major depression Persists for at least 2 years Can persist unchanged over long periods - > 20 years Facts and statistics Late onset - typically in the early 20s Early onset - before age 21 Double Depression: Major depressive episodes and dysthymic disorder Dysthymic disorder often develops first Facts and statistics severe psychopathology problematic future course High recurrence rates when untreated
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Ch. 7 Notes Page 3 Bipolar I Disorder: Alternating full major depressive and manic episodes Facts and Statistics Average age at onset is 18 years
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psy 220 - Ch7 - Ch. 7 Notes Page 1 Defining Mood Disorders:...

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