psy 220 - Ch14 - 1 Ch 14 Developmental Disorders Learning...

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1 Ch 14: Developmental Disorders Learning Objectives : Describe central features of ADHD, learning disorders, and pervasive disorders Describe 3 main symptom clusters of autistic disorder Describe Asperger’s disorder Describe mental retardation Introduction : Developmental psychopathology - Study of how disorders arise and change with time - Disruption of early skills can affect later development Developmental Disorders - Diagnosed first in infancy, childhood, or adolescence ADHD : Inattention, overactivity, and impulsivity Associated with numerous impairments (behavioral, cognitive, social, academic) Symptoms are usually present around age 3 or 4 Symptom Types - Inattentive type - Hyperactive type - Impulsive type Genetic Contributions Neurobiological Contributions - Precise neurobiological mechanisms remain unclear The role of toxins
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2 Psychosocial Factors - Constant negative feedback from peers and adults - Peer rejection and resulting social isolation - Low self-esteem Goal of biological treatments - Reduce impulsivity and hyperactivity - Improve attention - Effects not long term Stimulant medications - Reduce core symptoms in 70% of cases - Examples: Ritalin, Dexedrine, Behavioral Interventions Goal setting and reinforcement Combinations superior to medication or behavioral treatments alone Learning Disorders :
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