PSY 220 - Lecture 11

PSY 220 - Lecture 11 - Learning Objectives...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Substance-Related and Impulse-Control Disorders Q UIN 1 Chapter 11 Learning Objectives Describe the nature of substance- related disorders Describe the psychological effects of these substances 2 Describe substance-dependence Describe the treatment and prevention of these disorders NIDA (1999) General Sample (>11 years old) College Sample Alcohol 47.5% 73.2% 3 Tobacco Marijuana Cocaine Hallucinogens Heroin 30.2% 35.5% 0.0% 18.7% 0.7% 1.6% 0.4% 2.2% 0.1% 0.7% Perspectives Viewed as a social and legal issue as well as behavioral Is it a disease or a choice? 4 – Not a new debate Associated with other mental disorders Continuum in society – Where does it become a problem? Perspectives Use and abuse of psychoactive substances Associated with significant impairment and costs • Some Important Terms and Distinctions 5 Some Important Terms and Distinctions – Substance use vs. substance intoxication – Substance abuse vs. substance dependence – Tolerance vs. withdrawal CNS Depressants Alcohol Use Disorders – Depressant that removes the “brakes” on some parts of behavior – Biological effects are widespread 6 Effects of Chronic Alcohol Use – Alcohol intoxication & withdrawal – Associated conditions – Dementia & Wernicke’s disease – Fetal alcohol syndrome
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Types of Alcoholics Cloninger subgroups of alcoholics – Type 1 • Affects males and females equally • Can abstain, but lose control, then feel guilty 7 Can abstain, but lose control, then feel guilty • Recreational Drinking – Type 2 • Males predominantly • Impulsive, drinking problems prior to 25 • Cannot abstain Sedative Hypnotics The Nature of Drugs in This Class – Sedatives – Calming (e.g., barbiturates) – Hypnotic – Sleep inducing – Anxiolytic – Anxiety reducing (e.g.,
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern