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Political Science Exam 2 review

Political Science Exam 2 review - Political Science Exam#2...

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Political Science Exam #2 Review Q: What is Public Opinion? A: The Distribution of the population’s beliefs about politics and policy issues. Q: What is Reapportionment? A: The process of reallocating seats in the House of Representatives every 10 years on the basis of the results of the census. Q: What is political ideology? A: A coherent set of beliefs about politics, public policy, and public purpose. It helps give meaning to political events, personalities, and policies. (Liberalism and Conservatism). Q: What is political socialization? A: According to Richard Dawson, “the process through which an individual acquires his/her particular political orientation – his/her knowledge, feelings and evaluations regarding his/her political world. (Families, schools, TV, peer groups, or other influences shaping the formal/informal learning about politics). Q: What is political culture? A: an overall set of values widely shared within a society. Q: What influences the results of public opinion polls? A: Random sampling, the wording of the question, how well educated the sample body is, public opinion, and mass media. Q: Know the Trends of party identification? A: Party Identification – the self proclaimed preference for one party or another. -Early period – Democrats greatly outweighed Republicans (2X more democrats +9% pts). -large increase in Independents (Younger Age tend to be more likely side as independents). -public image helps people shape party identification. -people choose to identify with a party with which they generally agree. -Southern Democrats – “My party…right or wrong.” -Today – “I choose the best person for office, regardless of party.” Q: What is the “three-headed political giant”? A: A way of thinking of parties in political science: (1) the party in the electorate (largest component), (2) the party as an organization (National office, full-time staff, rules, and budgets), (3) the party in the government (elected officials).
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