Culture and Language.Part 2

Culture and Language.Part 2 - common Slavic mother Language...

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Chapter 6 Language and Communication
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Synchronic Analysis The analysis of cultural data at a single point in time, rather than through time.
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Diachronic Analysis The analysis of sociocultural data through time, rather than at a single point in time.
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Language Change Language is constantly changing. When linguists study how languages change over time, they are engaged in diachronic analysis.
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Historical Linguistics The study of how languages change over time.
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Cultural Linguistics The study of the relationship between language and culture.
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Language Families A language family comprises all of the languages that derive from its common protolanguage. The English language is part of the family known as the Indo-European language family. Germanic is the mother of English. French and Spanish are sister languages. Russian, Bulgarian, and Polish share a
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Unformatted text preview: common Slavic mother. Language Families • Linguists generally agree that there are more than 250 different language families in the world today. • Of these 150 are found in the Americas, 60 in New Guinea, 26 in Australia, 20 in Africa, and 37 in Europe and Asia. Code Switching • The practice of adapting one’s language depending on the social situation. • What is said and how it is said are often influenced by variables such as the age, sex, and relative social status of the people involved. Diglossia • The situational use of language in complex speech communities. • A linguistic situation where two varieties of the same language (such as standard form, dialect, or pidgin) are spoken by the same person at different times and under different social circumstances....
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course ANTHRO 101 taught by Professor Guda during the Spring '11 term at Campbell University .

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Culture and Language.Part 2 - common Slavic mother Language...

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