Culture and Language-- Comprehensive Version (Not Presented in Class)

Culture and Language-- Comprehensive Version (Not Presented in Class)

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Chapter 6 Language and Communication
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Important Questions How does human language differ from forms of communication in other animals? How do languages change? Are some languages superior to others? Do people from different cultures have different styles of linguistic discourse? What is the relationship between language and culture? How do people communicate without using words?
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The Nature of Language Found in all cultures of the world. Symbolic system of sounds that conveys meaning when put together according to a set of rules. Meanings attached to any given word in all languages are totally arbitrary .
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Diversity of Language There are as many as 6,000 discrete languages. 95% of the world’s people speak fewer than 100 of approximately 6,000 languages. 90% of all languages will be extinct in 100 years. Mandarin accounts for about 1 in every 5 people on earth. English, Hindi, Spanish, and Russian account for about 45%.
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Major Language Families of the World
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Major Languages of the World
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Major Languages of the World
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Characteristics of Human Communication Systems Capable of sending an infinite number of messages. Humans are only animals that speak of events from the past or in the future (displacement). Language is transmitted largely through tradition rather than experience alone.
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Open and Closed Systems of Communication Closed system of communication Communication system in which the user cannot create new sounds or words by combining two or more existing sounds or
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Culture and Language-- Comprehensive Version (Not Presented in Class)

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