GROWTH OF THEORY

GROWTH OF THEORY - Chapter 4 The Growth of Anthropological...

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Chapter 4 The Growth of Anthropological Theory
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Anthropological Theories A theory is a statement that suggests a relationship among phenomena. Theories enable us to reduce reality to an abstract set of principles. Anthropological principles help us make sense of ethnographic information from different parts of the world. Theories can generate hypotheses to be tested in an empirical research investigation.
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Evolutionism The nineteenth-century school of cultural anthropology, represented by Tylor and Morgan, that attempted to explain variations in world cultures by the single deductive theory that they all pass through a series of evolutionary stages.
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All cultures pass through the same developmental stages in the same order. Evolution is unidirectional and leads to higher levels of culture. A deductive approach is used to apply general theories to specific cases. Ethnocentric because evolutionists put
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GROWTH OF THEORY - Chapter 4 The Growth of Anthropological...

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