Stratification (Presented in Class)

Stratification (Presented in Class) - Chapter 12 Social...

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Chapter 12 Social Stratification
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Important Questions To what extent do the societies of the world vary in terms of the equitable distribution of power, prestige, and wealth? How do class systems differ from caste systems? What are the different ways of interpreting systems of social stratification?
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Social Inequality Max Weber’s criteria for measuring social inequality: Wealth - the extent to which they have accumulated economic resources Power - the ability to achieve one’s goals and objectives even against the will of others Prestige - social esteem, respect, or admiration that a society confers on people
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Class Versus Caste In class systems an individual can change his or her social position dramatically within a lifetime. Caste societies have no social mobility; membership in a caste is determined by birth and lasts throughout one’s lifetime.
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Hindu Caste Society Social boundaries are strictly maintained by caste endogamy and notions of ritual purity and pollution.
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