Euripides notes

Euripides notes - Dr. Fredricksmeyer Euripides. Iphigenia...

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Dr. Fredricksmeyer Euripides. Iphigenia in Aulis - Elevation of the Female Principle Euripides ca 480—406 last two years in Macedonia : kingdom to the north of Greece, he was unappreciated by Athenian audience(too radical for general public) supposed death by dismemberment: torn apart limb from limb by wild dogs wrote 80-90 plays—won first place 4 times (less than Aeschylus or Soph.): 18 extant tragedies (over twice the number of Aeschylus or Sophocles) and one satyr play Not as popular because:… highly influenced by sophists: was he atheist or spiritual? Used reason and logic to attack beliefs, questioned existence of gods Aristophanes: Euripides taught the people to see the shady side of everything: ambiguous, in- between black and white, constantly raising questions and not answering them, writing in a way that leaves things open to multiple interpretations Euripides instilled argumentativeness: sophists taught to argue and to argue equally convincing 2 different viewpoints on the same subject demythologizing Sophocles: I create characters they way they ought to be, Euripides the way they are. Take larger than life mythological figures and make them more human like and smaller, he is a realist misogynist or feminist? Misogynist: woman hater Biographical fallacy: interpret through someone’s work their own personal beliefs and info about them less relevant chorus (except in The Bacchae ): less chorus=more actors=drama the way we know it highly formal agons : agony-pain that arises from competition(verbal competition), read as if being spoken by layers in a court room, one person states their position and then other person states opposite position most extensive use of deus ex machine Homer-like gods: capricious and unpredictable: do what they want, don’t represent any kind of justice or morality, no meaning or justice, a very dark was of looking at things and human condition Iphigenia in Aulis (407-06; staged posthumously 405) artistic scope within broad limits (including Homer, Aeschylus, Sophocles): sacrifice (vs. e.g. Agamemnon, where only preliminary) : he makes sacrifice central to story, the whole thing leads up to sacrifice, focus on the psychology leading up to the sacrifice
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in Agamemnon: small episode in story Achilles: Agamemnon misuses name of Achilles in Agamemnon: winds blowing to shore so they can’t sail, Odysseus says only way to sail is if Agamemnon sacrifices his daughter, problem with getting her there: says that she come to be married to the greatest Greek warrior Achilles Menelaus takes place of Odysseus: her own uncle suggests sacrifice in Iphigenia in Aulis willingness of Iphigenia: will die voluntarily evidence of human sacrifice at Pilos(?) during bronze age before around 1200 and at Crete which may give rise to legend of dominator that devours people to audience human sacrifice is utterly horrible as it would be to us today diptych : lacking unity, 2 related scenes together, much about both Agamemnon and
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2008 for the course CLAS 1110 taught by Professor Stevens,be during the Spring '08 term at Colorado.

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Euripides notes - Dr. Fredricksmeyer Euripides. Iphigenia...

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