P23_038 - 38. Our approach (based on Eq. 23-29) consists of...

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Unformatted text preview: 38. Our approach (based on Eq. 23-29) consists of several steps. The first is to find an approximate value of e by taking differences between all the given data. The smallest difference is between the fifth and sixth values: 18.08 × 10−19 C − 16.48 × 10−19 C = 1.60 × 10−19 C which we denote eapprox . The goal at this point is to assign integers n using this approximate value of e: datum 1 datum 2 datum 3 datum 4 datum 5 datum 6 datum 7 datum 8 datum 9 6.563 × 10−19 C eapprox 8.204 × 10−19 C eapprox 11.50 × 10−19 C eapprox 13.13 × 10−19 C eapprox 16.48 × 10−19 C eapprox 18.08 × 10−19 C eapprox 19.71 × 10−19 C eapprox 22.89 × 10−19 C eapprox 26.13 × 10−19 C eapprox = 4.10 =⇒ n1 = 4 = 5.13 =⇒ n2 = 5 = 7.19 =⇒ n3 = 7 = 8.21 =⇒ n4 = 8 = 10.30 =⇒ n5 = 10 = 11.30 =⇒ n6 = 11 = 12.32 =⇒ n7 = 12 = 14.31 =⇒ n8 = 14 = 16.33 =⇒ n9 = 16 Next, we construct a new data set (e1 , e2 , e3 . . .) by dividing the given data by the respective exact integers ni (for i = 1, 2, 3 . . .): (e1 , e2 , e3 . . .) = 6.563 × 10−19 C 8.204 × 10−19 C 11.50 × 10−19 C , , ... n1 n2 n3 which gives (carrying a few more figures than are significant) 1.64075 × 10−19 C, 1.6408 × 10−19 C, 1.64286 × 10−19 C . . . as the new data set (our experimental values for e). We compute the average and standard deviation of this set, obtaining eexptal = eavg ± ∆e = (1.641 ± 0.004) × 10−19 C which does not agree (to within one standard deviation) with the modern accepted value for e. The lower bound on this spread is eavg − ∆e = 1.637 × 10−19 C which is still about 2% too high. ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/12/2011 for the course PHYS 2001 taught by Professor Sprunger during the Fall '08 term at LSU.

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