phil midterm definitions

phil midterm definitions - Philosophy writing is concise,...

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Philosophy writing is concise, analytic, grammar proof, thoughtful Socratic method - teaching without imparting knowledge Philosophy is learned through dialog Arguments- bits of reasoning, providing justification. A set of premises that are put forth in order to justify a conclusion or thesis. If the argument is good, it can convince Deductive- if the premises are true then the conclusion necessarily must be (or the premises are not). Deductive logic is called “formal logic” Inductive- the amount of support the premises give to the conclusion is a matter of degree. A strong inductive argument makes the conclusion likely but not definite Inductive generalization- inferring a claim about an entire population of objects from data about a sample of those objects Argument from analogy- the strength depends on the likeness of the things being compared (in contrast to the dissimilarities) Inference to the best explanation (abduction) Validity- it is impossible for the premise to be true and the conclusion to be false for valid arguments. One false premise will make it a bad argument or you can try to prove the
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phil midterm definitions - Philosophy writing is concise,...

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